What does Paediatric Physiotherapy do?
Paediatric Physiotherapy help children achieve their optimal physical development through principles of neuroplasticity and motor development. Physiotherapists have specialised knowledge in the movement, development and conditions of babies and kids, and use a variety of evidence based treatment modalities.
How can physiotherapy help your child?
Early intervention is key and positively impacts a child’s future. Utilising this critical period of brain neuroplasticty, we assist in laying better movement patterns, using a very hands on approach. Your Physiotherapists will design quality programmes ensuring that essential goals are met.
Who can receive paediatric physiotherapy?
- Premature babies (<36 weeks gestational age) or low birth weight babies (<1500g)
- Newborn babies having difficulty turning their heads
- Newborn babies not tolerating tummy time
- Babies having flat spots on the back or side of their heads, especially after 7 weeks old
- Babies who have difficulty with rolling, sitting, crawling and walking
- Toddlers with pigeon toes, bow legs, in-rolling ankles, toe walkers and knock knees.
- Children who have difficulties with coordination, balance, walking and running
- Frequent falls, poor balance and coordination
- Children and teenagers who have any sports related injuries
- Children with poor posture or children who complain of frequent muscular pain
Treatment may include:
- Neurodevelopmental Therapy (NDT) Gait training
- Dynamic Movement Intervention (DMI) Neuroprosthetic devices
- Vibration plate
- Individualised Task Specific Training
- Gross and fine motor skill training
- Strength, flexibility and endurance programs
- Balance, coordination and motor-planning programs
- Functional exercise for activities of daily living
Neuroprosthetics are devices that are placed on the body that can deliver Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES). Gentle electrical impulses are delivered to the muscles at a specific time to allow a task to be completed e.g. lift the toes up when taking a step. Research shows improvement in muscle strength, muscle volume (size), motor control, mobility and walking skills as well as in reducing spasticity.
Vibration Therapy is a unique method for building functional and strong muscles, essential for healthy joints and bones. It is based on the natural movement of human gait (the side to side, tilting weight shift required by the pelvis to walk). Vibration Plate therapy allows us to replicate this motion with high frequency causing the body to respond with rhythmic muscle contractions on the left and right sides of the body. Vibration plates increase the efficiency of rehabilitation treatment with short periods of treatment and kids love it!
Gait Training utilises a range of methods including weights, treadmill and walking frames to assist with graduated weight bearing, postural corrections, targeted training of coordination and balance. These methods allow us to target improvements to symmetrical walking patterns, increase in speed, stride length, endurance, speed and level of assistance required. For many children it is also one of the few methods for building cardiovascular fitness and improving bone density through weight bearing.
Hippotherapy is a unique approach to rehabilitation using the movement of a horse. It is carried out by specially trained therapists and offers many benefits to a child’s motor, perceptual and cognitive ability. The horses back serves as a dynamic treatment surface where the therapist can place the child in different positions producing motor and sensory benefits. It is done in a beautiful outdoor setting, with horses that are carefully selected and a team that are equipped and ready to help.
Dynamic Movement Intervention (DMI) is a therapeutic technique used in therapy to treat children with motor delay by improving automatic postural responses and promoting progress towards developmental milestones. The goal of DMI is to provoke a specified active motor response from the child in response to defined dynamic exercises prescribed by the therapist. This comprehensive intervention incorporates current research on neurorehabilitation, technologies, andmethodologies. DMI stimulates neuroplasticity to facilitate new neuronal connections and development of motor milestones. Regardless of level of cognition and extent of neurological deficit or damage, affected children benefit from DMI motor intervention as it pertains to stimulating neuroplasticity in the developing brain.